People are used to play with their food and that is seen from the increase in food additives in packed products. Food scientists researched these additional ingredients for many reasons like to improve flavor and texture, or to make the product look more appealing or last longer. Velvety smooth chocolates, perfectly whipped ice-creams are both real thanks to the emulsifiers, like are the substances that support different thing combined together when they generally wouldn’t.
Although studies have shown that those emulsifiers are safe, one new research says that these tests may have been incompetent with the discovery that they can develop the delicate structure of microbes in the gut. Also, these additives can trigger intestinal inflammation and increase the risk of an inflammatory bowel disease and lead to obesity and obesity connected conditions. The research has to prove if the same thing can happen in humans, but they propose that these products may have provided to the observed development in these health conditions since the mid-20th century.
The intestinal tract is home to a various and vast collection of microbes that are well-known as the gut microbiota. This bug gives many benefits to the host like assisting in the production of vitamins and hormones. We need to make these microbes stay healthy, we don’t want them to get near out intestinal lining because they can inflame the immune system and also cause inflammation, and if the inflammation is not controlled, it can promote metabolic syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease and raise the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
To prevent this, our gut is covered with mucus that keeps those microbes at a safe distance. Things can upset the cooperation between the protective mucus and the gut bacteria might therefore have the chance to develop the onset of diseases connected with the chronic gut inflammation. Because emulsifiers are molecules something like detergent that have been shown to boost the movement of bacteria across sheets of cells in the laboratory, the scientists think if they could also cause inflammation and because of that inflammatory bowel disease.
To explore this, they added two frequently used emulsifiers to the diet of mice at concentrations similar to what would be found in the processed foods that we are eating. Their guts became inflamed very soon and they showed signs of metabolic syndrome like an increased blood sugar levels and obesity. Some additional researches showed that together with these symptoms, the gut microbiota composition of the mice had importantly changed. There have been an increase in species that are acclaimed for triggering inflammation and being capable to burrow and digest through mucus, and also a decrease in the presence of anti-inflammatory species.
These findings may not relate to humans, and because of that, the researchers plan to research all this and try to find out if or how they are disturbing our gut microbiome.