When you go to buy groceries, you might feel bored and frustrated because of the things that are offered and the choices you have to make. You must have heard about the benefit of eating salmon, but there are different opinions about it. Should you buy farmed or wild salmon?
Wild salmon is just as it sounds – wild. It is found in oceans, rivers, and lakes. It contains a lot of omega 3 fatty acids – polyunsaturated fatty acid that is healthy for the heart, behavior problems, inflammations, and depression. But, it offers other benefits among these too.
The farmed salmon option is good if we talk about these fatty acids, but too much consuming of it can do more harm than good.
The farmed fish are kept in special fish-farms (aquacultures) and there are almost half of the fish we, the people, purchase. They do have a lot of toxic additives bad for our health and many other chemicals that should be avoided always.
Read below about the differences between wild and farmed salmon and see for yourself why the wild salmon is better.
Farmed vs. Wild salmon
The farmed salmon is in the color artificial pink
Take farmed salmon, one piece, and compare it to wild salmon – the color difference is too obvious. The wild one has antioxidants and anti-inflammatory ingredients by the name “astaxanthin”, providing the nice red salmon color. This exact ingredient is the reason that salmon is also great for fighting premature aging or causing of wrinkles.
The wild salmon produces astaxanthin because they eat planktons. On the other hand, the farmed salmon cannot find or eat planktons in the farms, so they must eat what they are fed – pellets with GMO corn and similar animal byproduct foods!
Don’t be fooled if you notice some farm fish looking like the wild version – the are even given artificial colors to look “healthier” and more natural.
More toxic materials in the farmed salmon
The Environmental Health Perspectives published a study research that farmed salmon is more toxic than a wild one. The levels of toxins were on the verge of being too many, but still they were too high to be taken as safe according to the Environmental Protection Agency.
The POPs, or toxic chemicals, or known also as persistent organic pollutants, damage the human health a lot. They are linked to obesity too and diabetes type 2 and can even increase the risk of stroke! as said in a study in Journal of Nutrition, farmed salmon makes cancer risk bigger. Cancer getting risk is 3 times higher compared to wild fish.
Another research from CBS News stated that salmon from farms had enormous levels of 13 different pollutant materials, like dioxins or PBCs.
These two mentioned now are high in toxicity. The dioxins may create long term reproduction problems, development problems, immune system drop, hormone levels distorted and even cancer.
Those that conducted the research said that if you eat more than one meal of farm salmon in a month, (depending of course on the origin and country), you can increase the cancer risk.
The WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer stated that dioxins are typical HUMAN CARCINOGENS. It was not proven that id damages genetic sample materials, but even with that fact, such components in the food must not be allowed.
More antibiotics and pesticides in farmed salmon
Because farmed fish are literally kept in large crowds in nets, it is easier to spread infections in those surroundings between each other. In those conditions, any virus present will spread really fast and kill much fish.
Farmers have a problem with that because the profit will be decreased, and for that reason, fish are given antibiotics to prevent them from getting sick or dying.
Another research in Environmental Microbiology stated that enormous antibiotic amounts are mixed with food for fish.
You are risking your health when you eat fish fed with such medicines. Another study in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy said that those same fish antibiotics create a lot of infections in humans too!
The wild fish are certainly not fed antibiotics and they are a healthy food for humans.
Fewer nutrients in farmed salmon
Salmon is promoted as a good food item because it is one of the healthiest for any diet. It is not confusing to know which kind is the best – the natural of course!
One serving of wild salmon has 130 calories less than farmed one if we compare them in small cuts and bites. It also has less fat by half, 3 times more of vitamin A and 8 more times vitamin D in a serving of 100 grams. On the other hand, farmed salmon has 3 times more bad fat, i.e. saturated fat.
Learn to compare wild and farmed salmon
How can you tell the difference?
The artificial, farmed salmon has a light pinkish color, like orange almost, has a little shine and no hues of red color.
The wild one is really lean and the “fat stripes”, or fat marks in the meat and as thin as possible.
So, to conclude pale pinkish color and wider fat stripes means FARMED salmon.
Do not buy Atlantic salmon, avoid it as much as possible, it goes by that label – “Atlantic Salmon” and it is the most spread farmed salmon on the market.
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