Eczema is a general term for skin inflammation or dermatitis. It results in redness, swelling, cracking and crusting of the skin, accompanied with severe itching. The face eczema is more complicated than eczema on any other part of the body because it can be seen and the sufferers are self-conscious about it. As acknowledged by dermatologists, the condition is hereditary but there are factors that can trigger it. Pollen, mold, dust, dry air or dry skin should be avoided. Also harsh soaps and detergents, fabrics like wool, perfumes, cigarettes, tobacco smoke and certain foods like tomatoes can lead to eczema.
There are several types of facial eczema:
Atopic eczema (Dermatitis) is the most common and hereditary one. It appears to both children and adults. The exact reasons for it are unknown, but it is believed there influence both genetic factors and the environment.
Seborrhoeic Eczema/Dermatitis is another common type. It’s the result of excess sebum, it can cause dandruff and affects the oily parts of the face, such as the sides of the nose.
Irritant Contact Eczema/Dermatitis is an eczema caused as the result of the skin’s reaction to an irritant. It is common to everybody, not just people with sensitive skin.
Allergic Contact Eczema/Dermatitis occurs I people with certain allergic reaction, caused from cosmetics and hair dyes, nail vanish or metal (not silver or gold) jewelry.
Light Sensitive Eczema/Dermatitis appears to people sensitive to sunlight. The effect of sunlight can make eczema worse in some cases; while in others can help to improve the eczema.
The best advice is to consult a dermatologist or a pharmacist.